The International Book Fair was first held in Poznań in 1956. Two years later it was moved to Warsaw and since then has been held annually at the Palace of Culture and Science. During the period of the Polish People’s Republic, it was the largest event of its kind in the Eastern Bloc.
The idea was to bring together writers, publishers, booksellers and readers from all over the world. The International Book Fair was overseen by the ARS POLONA Foreign Trade Enterprise. Since 2010, the event has been organised by a trade association of a dozen or so publishers.